The Gold Sheet camp

The Gold Sheet camp

  • Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520.

    BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

  • Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520. [detail of the pavilions of François I]

    BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

  • Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520. [detail of Henry VIII]

    BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

  • Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520 [detail of the ephemeral palace of Henry VIII]

    BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

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Title: Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520.

Author : BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

Creation date : 1845

Date shown: 07 June 1520

Dimensions: Height 170 cm - Width 344 cm

Technique and other indications: oil on canvas

Storage location: National Museum of the Palace of Versailles (Versailles) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

Picture reference: 92-001267 / MV6898

Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

To close

Title: Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520. [detail of the pavilions of François I]

Author : BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

Creation date : 1845

Date shown: 07 June 1520

Dimensions: Height 170 cm - Width 344 cm

Technique and other indications: oil on canvas

Storage location: National Museum of the Palace of Versailles (Versailles) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

Picture reference: 92-001267 / MV6898

Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520. [detail of the pavilions of François I]

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

To close

Title: Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520. [detail of Henry VIII]

Author : BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

Creation date : 1845

Date shown: 07 June 1520

Dimensions: Height 170 cm - Width 344 cm

Technique and other indications: oil on canvas

Storage location: National Museum of the Palace of Versailles (Versailles) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

Picture reference: 92-001267 / MV6898

Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520. [detail of Henry VIII]

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

To close

Title: Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520 [detail of the ephemeral palace of Henry VIII]

Author : BOUTERWEK Friedrich (1806 - 1867)

Creation date : 1845

Date shown: 07 June 1520

Dimensions: Height 170 cm - Width 344 cm

Technique and other indications: oil on canvas

Storage location: National Museum of the Palace of Versailles (Versailles) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

Picture reference: 92-001267 / MV6898

Interview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520 [detail of the ephemeral palace of Henry VIII]

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Palace of Versailles) / Gérard Blot

Publication date: April 2015

Aggregate in history, ATER at Paris IV Sorbonne

Historical context

TheInterview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520 is a work by Friedrich Bouterwek, a German painter specializing in history painting based in Paris.

In 1845, King Louis-Philippe ordered this copy of an anonymous painting from the XVIe century painted with several hands, which he was able to admire at Hampton Court Castle during his visit to Queen Victoria of England the previous year. The canvas is intended for the Musée de l'Histoire de France de Versailles, created in 1837.

In this context of 1845, the interview with the Drap d'Or camp is presented as one of the symbols of peaceful relations between France and England, at a time when Louis-Philippe intends to promote the Entente Cordiale with the " Perfide Albion ”, a pejorative name given to England in the 17th centurye century.

The interview with the Drap d'Or camp took place in 1520, when Europe was plagued by wars fueled by the rivalry between the Habsburg Charles V, who reigned over the Holy Empire and the Spain, and the Valois François Ier, ruler of the most powerful kingdom on the continent. Henry VIII’s England was then only a secondary power. However, Tudor is deploying a clever international policy to present itself as the arbiter of Europe and reclaim some of its "legacy from across the Channel." He frequently allied himself with Charles V against France, while negotiating with François Ier. Henry VIII met the Emperor in May 1520 in England. He does the same with François Ier from June 7 to 24, 1520, between Guînes and Ardres, on the borders of the kingdom of France, in the English enclave of Calais. This is the famous Golden Sheet camp interview.

Image Analysis

TheInterview with Francis Ier and Henry VIII at the Drap d'Or camp on June 7, 1520 represents the two weeks spent by the kings in the Val d´Or by juxtaposing scenes which took place in different places and times.

The left part of the painting shows the procession of Henry VIII entering the castle of Guînes on June 5, 1520. The king, dressed in gold, is distinguished from the other figures by his height. His suite numbered more than three thousand people, including Cardinal Wolsey, the main negotiator for peace.

At the center of the canvas is the ephemeral palace in which Henry VIII resided during the interview. Built next to the Château de Guînes and in a partly Italianate style, this palace is a real technical and artistic feat, its architecture combining brick, wood, hangings and glass.

In the background, the luxurious pavilions installed in Ardres and in which François I resideer and the three thousand Frenchmen are, according to contemporaries, a pale figure next to the palace of Henry VIII. The golden pavilion is the one in which Francis Ier welcomes Henry VIII on June 7. As for the double golden pavilion located equidistant from the French camp and the English palace, it is the place of daily diplomatic meetings.

The canvas shows, however, that entertainment occupies most of the time of sovereigns and their Court, whether it is games (top right), banquets (center and right), masquerades or fires. fireworks, like this dragon (top left) that the English send into the sky on June 23, after the closing mass of the meeting celebrated by Cardinal Wolsey in the presence of the two sovereigns.

This interview is the fruit of the work of several thousand craftsmen and servants, who can be seen flocking to the web, such as the cooks in the background to the right. The painting also features the crowds coming to the Drap d'Or camp to admire the tents, watch the entertainment and enjoy favors, like the wine fountains in the foreground.

Interpretation

The diplomatic results of this meeting were meager. Indeed, from 1522, the war resumed between François Ier and Henry VIII.

This interview, however, was aimed less at making peace than at glorifying the English prince. In Renaissance Europe, England was still seen as a culturally and politically secondary kingdom. The Drap d´or camp was an opportunity for Henry VIII to show everyone the power of his dynasty and of his country, symbolically confronting Francis Ier through sophisticated and expensive entertainment. This painting, the original of which was commissioned at the end of the reign of Henry VIII, affirms that if the two kings fought a battle of magnificence, it was the Tudor that won. The abundant output from laudatory sources across Europe attests to the success of the Golden Sheet camp's political communication operation.

  • pacifism
  • Henry VIII
  • international politics
  • United Kingdom
  • alliance policy
  • peace
  • Francis I
  • Louis Philippe

Bibliography

ANGLO Sidney, "The Hampton Court Painting of the Field of Cloth of Gold Considered as an Historical Document", The Antiquaries Journal, flight. 46, no 2, 1966, p. 287-307.GIRY-DELOISON Charles (dir.), 1520: the Drap d'Or camp. The meeting of Henry VIII and Francis I, cat. exp. (Condette, 2012), Paris, Somogy, 2012. MASSIE Aurélie, "The artisans of the Drap d'Or camp (1520): material culture and representation of power", Encyclo, no 2, 2013, p. 55-79.

To cite this article

Olivier SPINA, "Le Drap d'Or camp"


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